Xyphos Sword

Xyphos (ancient Greek ξίφος English xiphos) is an ancient Greek straight double-edged sword. This sword was an additional weapon during the battle for the Greek armies after the spear (Dory) or throwing spear (Javelin). The classic blade had a usual length of about 50-60 cm, although there are references to the fact that the Spartans used swords with a blade of only 30 cm during the Greco-Persian wars. Xyphos was usually used only when there was no possibility of using a spear, in this case, a sword (xyphos) was used for close combat. To date, very few artifacts of their antiquity have survived. Peter Johnsson suggests that the xyphos sword translates as “penetrating light”.



Xyphos has a leaf-shaped blade that allows you to apply powerful stabbing wounds. A similar form of sword has existed since the first swords appeared. The main material for such a sword was bronze. Bronze swords were made by casting methods; for litas, the shape of the sheet is more convenient for casting. In a later period, swords began to be made of iron.


Leaf-shaped short swords were not limited to the territory of Greece, a similar form of swords can be found throughout Europe in the late Bronze Age under different names. For example, iron swords of the Celts of the La Ten period (stylization for a similar sword, we did about 5 years ago).

We tried to reconstruct as close as possible to archaeological finds, but we used modern high-quality steels. Oak wood linings.

Roman Sword — Spata Sword

Roman Sword - Spata Sword

In the middle of the II century, another sword, spatha, gradually replaced the gladius. A little heavier (2 kg), longer and narrower (from 75-100 cm long and 5-6 cm wide) in dense Roman formation, it was inferior to the gladius in compactness. It is believed that the Romans wore a spate on their right side, and not on their left: it was more convenient to get a sword from its scabbard without risking the life of a nearby warrior.
II century AD e.
Initially, it was an exclusively chopping weapon, which the Romans borrowed from the Gauls, who began to form the basis of the Roman cavalry. Subsequently, the Roman version of the spatha was transformed, it received a pointed, like a gladius, end, which allowed both chopping and pricking at the same time. The Roman version of the sword was later borrowed by the Germans, and even the famous Viking swords, as it is believed, originate precisely from the Roman spat.
The surviving specimens of spats of German origin had blades with a length of 71 to 81 cm, a width of 45-60 mm and a mass of 1.7 to 2.4 kg.

Our version turned out to be heavier than the originals due to the steel set on the handle. If steel is replaced with wood, then the weight will correspond to archaeological finds.